Wednesday, 27 June 2012



balasaheb thakre & her family
INDIA TV and some of Bihari political party leaders misleading country about origin of Shri Balashaheb Thakre and his family, some are saying Thakre family originated from Bihar and other one saying Thakre family belongs to MadhyaPradesh or Rajsthan,True facts is Thakre family’s root in Kashmir.Here is some vedic and historical facts about Thakre and CKP community.
Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu (CKP) (Marathi: is a Kshatriya caste of India. They share many common rituals along with Brahmins like Munj and the study of Vedas and Sanskrit. The Sword and the Pen were tools of this community for centuries. Members of this community are mostly found in certain parts of Maharashtra in India. They are said to be one of the designated "brave helpers of Maharashtra" as proclaimed by Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha empire in his "Mala Ek Swapna Ahe" speech. The roots of this community lie in Indus Valley from Kashmir to Thatta on Arabian sea coast, wherein their current location is a result of the downfall of various kingdoms which were ruled or were resided in by the community's families (7th-8th Century A.D.) The last known migration was in 1305 A.D. wherein 42 families finally arrived in Maharashtra. In actuality, there are only 42 original last names that can be linked to the community which derive from the last surviving families that migrated to Maharashtra in 1305 A.D. The remaining surnames are derived from the 42 original last names, and there is a possibility that there may have been other original last names but were lost as the families died. Few of the original names are Bendre, Pradhan, Gupte, Dalvi, Chawale, Garude, Chitre, Jayvant, Nachane, Phanase, Mohile, Tamhane, Vaidya, Teware, Vakhare, Bhise, Likhite, Kamte, Satpute, Jawale, Tavkar, Vaidhya, Deopare, Bahire, Sule, Patne, Pangu, Korde, Tungari, Kulkarnik, Dighe, Randive, Raje, Kshipre, Skrukale, Durve, Khatik, Nabhik, Sabhasad, ) migrated towards Maharashtra and Karnataka. From Maharashtra some families went and settled all over the world. Migration is still continuing now mainly for professional aspirations or economical reasons.

The word "Chandraseniya," by some historians, is ascribed to the original home of the community in the valley of Chenab in Kashmir a river also known as Chandra in Sanskrit. It is said that the word "seniya" is corruption of Sanskrit word "shreni" meaning a group of people. Thus the term chandraseniya literally means the people of Chandra or Chenab.
DNA Mapping of CKPs
Origin of kayastha community cannot be pinpointed at any particular location but as per the DNA mapping as well of the physiological appearance & cooking habbits eg.liberal use of poppyseeds for CKP food preperations (Dietry can be influenced by the topography & climate where they are residing) indicates Kayasthas were mainly inhabiting Indus basin from time of Mohenjedaro & Harrappa serving various chieftans & kings ruling Indus basins as administrators or officials of chieftans army.As per studies conducted by International Institute of Population Studies in research about migration of communities from Indus basin mentions of DNA of CKP nearly matches 94.3%DNA of Somvanshiya Kshatriya Pathare Prabhu ,88.6% with Goud Saraswat Brahmin community from Karwar & Goa ,89.2% with Khatri community living in Indus basin in Punjab,Kashmir,Sind provinces. In Maharastra, 87.1% with Deshastha Brahmin ,59.5 % with chitpavans. DNA verification of CKPs with Kayasthas located in Ganga basin indicates matching of 86.3% with those located in Upper Ganga Basin eg Haryana,Uttarpradesh & Bihar ,85,2% with from Gangatic Delta region of Bengal.DNA matching of CKP with other communities like Bhanadari,Agri,Koli,Marathas is greater than 76.9% indicates CKP as a community was more open to intermarriages with other communities than their counterparts such as Parsis ,Kokanstha Brahmin of Konkan,Nagar Brahmins of Gujrat or Jains from Rajastan whose DNA mapping distinguishes them from other communities. The origins on the maternal side (mt-DNA) H (mt-DNA), HV (mt-DNA), X (mt-DNA) and N1 (mt-DNA) haplgroups.indicates presence of West Asian and Dravidian mt-DNA haplogroups. On the paternal side (Y-DNA), R1a (Y-DNA) is the most frequently found haplogroup. Incidentally, this haplogroup is also commonly found amongst North Indians especially Khatri or Rajput community.Presence of Haplogroup J2 (Y-DNA) is another frequently found haplogroup considered to be of West asian origin which distinguishes CKPs from other community like SKP/GSB/Brahmin /Bhandari/Agri/ Maratha communities except few Koli clans of Kutch & Konkan. There is also a significant presence of Haplogroups L (Y-DNA), and H1 (Y-DNA) which are believed to be of Indian origin and dominantly found in Western Indian peninsula.
Vedic origin
The Kayastha trace their genealogy from Adi Purush Shri Chitraguptaji Maharaj. It is said that after Lord Brahma had created the four Varnas (Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras), Yama (Dharamraj) requested Lord Brahma to help him record the deeds, both good and evil, of men, and administer justice.
Lord Brahma went into meditation for 11000 years and when he opened his eyes he saw a man holding a pen and ink-pot in his hands, as well as a sword girdled to his waist. Lord Brahma spoke: Thou hast been created from my body (Kaya), therefore shall thy progeny be known as the Kayasthas. Thou hast been conceived in my mind (Chitra) and in secrecy (gupta), thy name shall also be Chitragupta. Brahma then enjoined him to dispense justice and punish those who violated the dharma. Thus, the Kayasthas were accorded a dual caste, Brahmin/Kshatriya.SEE NOTES
In the legends of Shree Chitraguptaji Maharaj, he is referred to as the greatest King, while the rest are "Rajakas," or little kings.
In the Garud Puran, Chitragupta is hailed as the first man to give the script.
"Chitragupta namastubhyam vedaksaradatre"
(Obeisance to Chitragupta, the giver of letters)
The Rig Veda mentions an invocation to be made to Chitragupta before offering sacrifice. There is also a special invocation to Chitragupta as Dharmraj (Lord of Justice) to be made at the performance of shradh or other rituals.
"Om tat purushaya vidmahe Chitragupta dhimahi tena lekha prachodayata."
The priests also pay reverence to Shri Chitragupta :
"Yamam Dharmarajya Chitraguptaya vain namah."'
Ancient History of CKP Community
balasaheb thakre & her wife
Descendants of King Chandrasen, his son Kayastha, and Kayastha's son Somraj, ruled Kashmir and most of central India. Chandrasen, son of great King Sahastrararjun, was killed by Parshuram (The great warrior, in order to fulfill his wish to kill every Kshtriya on earth). Chandrasen's pregnant wife Ganga / Kamala took asylum with Dalabhya mooni. Parshuram demanded mooni to hand over Ganga, but the mooni very wisely asked him to spare this pregnant women. Parshuram agreed to Mooni's request and blessed her that the child born from her ' KAYA " would be called "Kayastha." Parshuram said as his father's kingdom has been destroyed; he and his ascendant would live with the help of sword and ink (Asijivi/Masijivi). This is a mythological story but all agree in saying that it means the descendants of the king Chandrasen who was the Kshatriya (warrior by profession) king, the son of Sahastrararjun of the Haiyaya family. Another point is tribes of kaya province are Kayastha. The province kaya means Ayodhaya. According to Mr. H.S. Wilson (1819), Kayastha means the Supreme Being, the writer caste born of Kshatriya father and Shudra mother. The word Prabhu means supreme or powerful. As we read the Origin of CKP's is from Kashmir and North India. The Pandavas, Kauravas, and Gupt Vansh are all Chandravanshis. Institute of population studies comments after recent research findings that people from Indus basins from Mohenjedaro-Harrapa were freely using poppy seeds in the food preparations which is the case of CKPs who use poppyseeds liberally among all communities in Maharashtra-Gujrat in their foodpreperations.But kayastha community located in Ganga basin differs with CKP as Kayasthas from Ganga basin were not aware of use of poppy seeds in food preparations may be due to geographical reasons.May be the climatic changes occurred in Indus valley civilisation after 1 st political-economical migration of Kayasthas took place so climate later on became favourable for growing & use of poppy seeds for use in food preperations.As per United nations study about community migrations CKPs had its origin from Indus valley,this community always being in administrative & professional services of subsequent rulers were located dispersely in Indus basin covering Kashmir-Punjab-Sind-Baluchistan. Kolis-Agris-Bhandaris who trace their origin from Baluchistan-Sind-Gujrat-Konkan are following common rituals of worshipping goddesses as CKPs, worshipping goddesses is essential part of Dravidian culture as per findings from Mohenjedaro-Harrapa.Indus Valley had trade links with coastal Gujrat(Lothal-Khambat)-Kutch(Dwarka)-Konkan(Nalasopara-Kalyan-Chowl) also with civilizations from Nile & Euphrates river basins.Early exposure to this foreign culture through traders while conducting administration in Indus valley civilization CKPs started observing rituals distinct from Brahminical rituals& CKPs continued administrative jobs for new rulers even after Indus valley kingdoms were overrun by Persians-Kushans & Arabs .
Middle-Age History
Chinese travelers mentions about Shaiv-Kayastha kings in Kashmir in 5 th century. These kings used to talk in Sanskrit and one such king even composed a poem set namely ‘Rajatagini’ which describes beautiful scene of Kasmir and Himachal Pradesh. In the 7th and 8th century, Kayasthas were Prominent rulers in Kashmir state and later they shifted from Kashmir to northern India and madhya bharat in late 10 th century due to invasion from Islamic rulers. Sometime during the advent of Budhism, the last CKP kingdom was lost and the community moved to Mandugadh where they held important positions in the court of the Parmars.

Migration from Kashmir to Sindh
CKPs continued administrating Sind-Multan-Kashmir kingdoms u reduction in trade related activities migration of communities upwards in Indus basin from Thatta on Arabian sea coast of Sind-Baluchistan where Indus river meets Arabian sea started towards Multan - Kashmir.
Migration from Sindh to West Namrda Valley
Mohammed of Gazani paralysed administration setup in Indus valley kingdoms through his numerous invasions in year 1027,this triggered migration for forefathers of CKPs , Through trade & political links CKPs were having knowledge of prosperous eastern kingdoms having favourable similar religious setup, these people decided to move eastward . CKPs moved along Indus river & embarked through port of Thatta in Sind-Baluchistan to reach Dwarka in Kutch & later Khambat in Gujrat then along river Narmada moved upto Madavgarh to take up positions in Parmar’s court .Had these people been from agrarian community they would have settled at one place for farm related activities.These people in good number were looking for big prosperous kingdom where most could find administrative jobs or occupation.Parmar’s court served their immediate needs as it had CKPs already serving in his court.
Arrival in Maharastra
In year 1298 Alludin Khilji attacked Madavgarh & destroyed Parmar kingdom CKPs who had lost their occupational jobs migrated through Narmada river to Daman,Kalyan in Gujrat ,Chowl,Dabhol,Goa,Karwar in Konkan to settle in Chalukya-Solanki-Yadav governed towns.Few among these settlers around Daman-Kalyan took farming related activities along with administrative jobs to develop in separate community known as Pathare prabhu or Somvanshiya Kshatriya Prabhu .After fall of Vasai in 1739 most came settled in Mumbai.Thee genetically nearest community to CKPs like Goud Saraswat Brahmins(GSB) who settled in south konkan coast of Goa-Karwar.There are many common name in CKP & GSBs as Karnik,Bendre,Kulkarni,Prabhu.few of kayasthas who settled in deccan plateau in towns like Paithan,Junnar,Wai,Nasik,Karhad got mixed with Deshastha Brahmin community already settled there to take up common names from them eg Deshpande,Kulkarni,Dixit,Vaidya,Kshemkalyani.Many CKPs also have few common surnames along with the ruling clans from maratha-Bhandari-Agri-Koli communities took up names as Palkars,Deshmukh,Satpute,Ranadive,Patankar,Bhise,Desai,Nachane,Dalvi,Angre which are common in many communities.CKP migration 1 st in year 1035 from Thatta in Sind-Baluchistan to Gujrat & later from Gujrat to Konkan coast was not migration of few families but migration of a community comprising Administrative officials ,Merchants,Priest & tradesman known as bara balutedar like Khatik,Nabhik & others. However, bramhins led boyott(gramanyas) on them from 1300 to 1850. The most famous example is when Mr. Balaji Avji Chitnis wanted to perform the Thread ceremony ( Munj ) on his son. Brahmins did not allow him saying " Prabhu's are not Brahmins and are from lower caste, hence thread ceremony cannot be performed on them". Mr. Chitnis got letter from then Shankarachaya Vidhanrusingha Bharati from Karvir Peeth, in year 1913, which said "Prabhu's are Rajanya Kshatriyas (Royal warriors)". Only Rajanya Kshatriyas (warrior by profession ) are allowed to do thread ceremony, so though Maratha's are Kshatriyas thread ceremony is not performed on them. Only exceptions were Bhonsale's who were decedents of Sisodia Royal family of Rajasthan. The Letter written by Shankaracharya can be found in office of Bombay Gazzette. This community is at Par with Brahmins in performing Vedic rituals.
Period of Maratha Empire
During Shivaji Maharaj’s period, this was the only community, who along with Brahmins, held higher administration positions like Chitins, Sabnis, Karkhanis and Mujumdar. They had also played a good role in the army of Maratha Empire during Shivaji Maharaj’s time and later during Peshwai’s period. It was also mentioned that during historic attack of Marathas on Afghans in 1751, Sardar Gupte of Pune led the battle of attock (read : ??????? ?????? in Marathi) In late 17th century, few deshastha Brahmins understood the importance of Kayastha administrators and warriors. King of Aundh Sasthan and Pratindhi of Chatrapati-"Tribak Kulkarni- Kinhakar" broke the rules of “Gramanyas” (boycott) and started inviting them to Religious ceremonies related with his family and started “Pangat” with Kayasthas which was against the Orthodox Brahmin rules at that time. Great writers from Mandesh Ga Di Madgularkar had mentioned one story about this. Parshuram Tribak Pratindhi and his decedents kept this activity going on;as a result many CKPs migrated to Satara and Kolhapur Districts in late 17th century. Many CKPs got apponintement as Karkhanis and Gadkari at some forts near Satara like Vasota,Vardhangad etc.
CKP community in Peshwai
All the administators during Chatrapati Shivaji to Rajaram Maharaj's period were either Deshastha Bramhins or Prabhus this evidnece had reflected in many common surnames between both Deshastha and CKP communities like Deshpande,Kulkarni,Chitnis,Gadkari,Karkhanis,Deshmukh,Tipnis, Jamenis etc.
Prior to 1713 all Peshwes( Prime Minsiters) of Maratha Empire were Deshasthas but later Chatrapati appointed chitpavan peshwes from 1713 to 1803. Especially,during 1750-1790, CKPs and Deshasthas faced lot of problems due to Pro-chitpavan(and anti-ckp,anti-debra) attitude of Nanasaheb Peshwe. CKPs who by mid 18 th centuary had established them selves in managing administrative setups for Angre clan at Alibaug & Suvarnadurg in Malabar-Konkan coast,Gaekwad clan in Gujrat,Bhonsales in Berar province,Ghorpades in Karnataka as well as other maratha chieftans from Dewas,Dhar,Indore,Kolhapur,Satara,Akkalkot were at loggerheads with Kokansta Brahmins for political & economical reasons.Both the communities were vying for similar postings in such administrations.CKPs being favoured by rulers hindu or muslims were made scapegoat by vested interest from Peshwa durbar at Pune especially during rule of Nanasaheb Peshwa ,Madhavrao Peshwa & Nana Phadanvis.This was exact period of Brahmanical revival in Hindu religion in which Brahmins were placed in the topmost position in the hindu hierarcy.CKPs who as local administrators for (Yavana) muslim rulers prior to peshwai had interactions with muslim & budhist rulers.Knowingly or Unknowingly taken habits of these rulers which Brahmin hierarcy found not acceptable eg sacrifice of animals to deity ,eating nonvegetable food during religious functions,donation of money to bride as meher,worshiping fakirs or sufisaints& fasting . Moreever CKPs were never having numerical strength to seek attention of rulers.Chitpavan Kokanasta Brahmins who outnumbered CKPs many times isolated CKPs further to hit CKPs economically & politically by denying CKPs the right for performing thread ceremony which was nothing more of attaining right to perform religious functions like vedic rituals a obligation of ruling class in brahminical way of thinking as declared by Brahmin rulers of that time.Morever CKPs found themselves always at loggerheads with peshwas starting from Balaji Vishvanath 1st Chitpavan peshwa who usurped powers from Tarabai faction which CKPs sided.Prabhu community who were earliest members of Shivaji dream of swaraj found themselves marginalized after Balaji Vishvanath became 1 st Peshwa.Except Sardar Gupte who was commander in chief of Raghunathrao sworn enemy of Nana Phadanvis during his Attock operation no notable CKP ever served Peshwai & most joined rivals of Peshwas.This may have also antgonised Peshwa administration further.

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